Coronavirus Morning Brief – November 6: New bivalent booster shots only effective if you get one, CDC warns of harsh winter

One dose of the original Moderna vaccine

Good morning. This is Jonathan Spira’s report. Here now the news of the pandemic from around the world on the 941st day of the pandemic.

It may seem pretty obvious, but despite the promising data that Pfizer and its partner BioNTech reported on Friday, namely that the bivalent coronavirus booster spiked

The new booster demonstrates a “substantially greater immune response in adults compared to the original COVID-19 vaccine,” the two said in a statement.

In adults aged 55 years and older, the bivalent booster is four times more effective against the BA.5 sublineage of omicron than the original Covid vaccine.

But, for it to work, you have to take a puncture.

Currently, the number of adults rolling up their sleeves is shockingly low: only 10% of the US population has received the new booster.

A Pfizer-BioNTech study looked at antibody levels in adults older than 55 years who received a fourth dose of the new bivalent vaccine (36 of the study participants) or the original booster (40 participants). The two cluster groups had similar stratified mixes of people who had evidence of a prior covid infection and those who did not.

The researchers compared antibody levels one month before the booster and one month after. At first, the two groups had similar antibody levels, but a month after receiving the booster dose, that changes. Those who received the bivalent boost saw their levels of neutralizing antibodies against the BA.4 and BA.5 sublineages increase 13.4-fold, while those who received the original boost only saw a 2.9-fold increase in these antibodies.

While this data is impressive, you have to get the bivalent booster for this to work, so run, don’t walk, to your nearest pharmacy to get yours.

In other news we cover today, the UK is working to combat possible zoonotic transmission of avian flu, a Connecticut woman was sentenced after falsifying vaccination documents, and the US is likely to face a difficult winter with the influenza, RSV and SARS. -CoV-2.

UNITED STATES

A Connecticut woman has been sentenced to three years of probation after falsifying the coronavirus vaccination records of 14 people, the Justice Department announced Friday. Zaya Powell, 25, presented fraudulent documents indicating that each of the 14 had received a one-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine when in fact they had not. Federal prosecutors said Powell abused her position as a data entry specialist for Griffin Health Services to produce the documents.

Meanwhile, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention continues to warn of an unusually high and early rise in influenza and RSV, or respiratory syncytial virus, infections, which could further strain the nation’s health care system as it tries to recover from the worst days of the coronavirus. pandemic.

GLOBAL

Health officials in the UK are conducting emergency drills over the possibility that bird flu could spread to humans, according to Whitehall officials. Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian H5N1 (the term “highly pathogenic” refers only to the potential of these viruses to kill birds, not other species) have resulted in the culling of 3.8 million birds, almost a third of the population of birds, in the country. this year alone. Chief Veterinary Officer Dr Christine Middlemiss said frequent exercises are being carried out with the UK Health Security Agency to stop the spread of the disease.

TODAY’S STATISTICS

Here are the daily stats for Sunday, November 6.

As of Sunday morning, the world has recorded 637.7 million cases of covid-19, an increase of 0.2 million cases and 6.6 million deaths, according to Worldometer, a service that tracks such information. Additionally, 617.2 million people worldwide have recovered from the virus, an increase of 0.3 million.

Worldwide, the number of active coronavirus cases as of Sunday at press time is 13,874,450, a decrease of 12,000. Of that number, 99.7%, or 13,838,466, are considered mild and 0.3%, or 35,094, are classified as critical. The percentage of cases considered critical has not changed in the last 24 hours.

The United States reported 3,729 new coronavirus infections on Sunday from the previous day, compared with 49,323 on Saturday, 78,006 on Friday and 76,034 on Thursday, according to data from the US Department of Health and Human Services. The rate 7-day incidence rate is now 40,862. Weekend numbers (reported the next day) are typically 30% to 60% of those posted on weekdays due to less testing being done.

The daily average of new coronavirus cases in the United States over the past 14 days is 40,122, an increase of 6%, according to data from the Department of Health and Human Services, among other sources. The average number of daily deaths during the same period is 320, a decrease of 11% over the same period, while the average number of hospitalizations for the period was 27,395, an increase of 2%.

In addition, since the start of the pandemic, the United States has recorded, as of Sunday, more than 99.6 million cases, a higher figure than any other country, and a death toll of just under 1.1 million. India has the world’s second-highest number of officially recorded cases, nearly 44.7 million, and a reported death toll of 530,500.

The most recent data from Russia’s state statistics service Rosstat showed that as of the end of July, the number of covid or covid-related deaths since the start of the pandemic there in April 2020 is now 823,623, giving the country the second highest pandemic in the world. number of related deaths, behind the United States. Rosstat reported that 3,284 people died from the coronavirus or related causes in July, up from 5,023 in June, 7,008 in May and 11,583 in April.

Meanwhile, France is the third country with the highest number of cases, with more than 36.9 million, and Germany is at number four, with 35.8 million total cases.

Brazil, which has recorded the third highest number of deaths from the virus, 688,419, has recorded just under 34.9 million cases, ranking number five.

The other five countries with total case figures above 20 million are South Korea, with 25.8 million cases, the United Kingdom, with 23.9 million cases, placing it at number seven, and Italy, with 23.6 million, at number eight. as well as Japan, with more than 22.6 million, and Russia, with more than 21.5 million.

FOCUS ON VACCINATION

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that, as of last Thursday, 266.4 million people in the United States, or 80.2%, have received at least one dose of the coronavirus vaccine. Of that population, 68.4%, or 226.9 million people, have received two doses of vaccine, and the total number of doses that have been dispensed in the United States is now 636.9 million. Breaking this down further, 91.2% of the population over the age of 18, or 235.5 million people, have received at least one first inoculation and 78.3% of the same group, or 202.1 million people He is fully vaccinated. In addition, 9.9% of the US population of the same population, or 25.5 million people, have already received an updated or bivalent booster dose of the vaccine.

Beginning June 13, 2022, the CDC began updating vaccine data weekly and released the updated information on Thursday at 8 p.m. EDT, according to a statement on the agency’s website.

About 68.2% of the world’s population has received at least one dose of the coronavirus vaccine as of Sunday, according to Our World in Data, an online scientific publication that tracks such information. So far, 12.92 billion doses of the vaccine have been administered globally and 2.85 million doses are now administered per day.

Meanwhile, only 23.4% of people in low-income countries have received a dose, while in countries such as Canada, China, Denmark, France, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States, at least 75% of the population has received at least one dose of vaccine.

Only a handful of the world’s poorest countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia and Nepal) have reached the 70% vaccination mark. However, many countries are below 20%, and in countries like Haiti, Senegal and Tanzania, for example, vaccination rates remain at or below 10%.

Furthermore, with the start of vaccinations in North Korea at the end of September, Eritrea remains the only country in the world that has not administered vaccinations.

Paul Riegler contributed reporting to this story.

(Photo: Accura Media Group)

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